1. Tangoon Chosun (Ancient Chosun) period (B. C 2333-)

Martial art activities organized as means of national defense. Korean Mandolin bronze swords used.Social martial arts raised to artistic martial arts with the Jecheon (Heaven Worship) ceremony. Simple fighting skills combined with dance. Ideas of a developing Sinseondo (Hermits' Teachings) incorporated into Taekwondo.

2. The period of Power Struggles (B.C 140~)

Martial arts for national defense developed through the power struggles among nations like North Buyeo, Jolbon Buyeo, East Buyeo, Nakrang, Dongye, Samhwan. Jecheon ceremony developed: Yeonggo of Buyeo, Mucheon of Dongye, October Festivities of Samhwan lead to the diversification of martial arts

3. The Three kingdoms period

a. Koguryeo
The warrior group `Seonbae' was formed. (Also called as Seonin, Jo'eui Seonin) An alliance of Jecheon ceremony were organized. Scholarship and military arts treated on equal terms. The division of Ssireum (Korean traditional wrestling) and Taekwondo. 

b. Shilla 
Pungwoldo reconsolidated and intensified as Hwarangdo. Sesog Ogye (Five Teachings for Worldly Life) developed. Palgwanhoe organized as a Jecheon Meeting of folk faiths with military, disciplinary, and festive functions. 

c. Baekje 
The warrior group `Saurabi' organized.


4. Koryo period

a. Gaya 
Some of the martial arts skills passed to Japan becomes Karate (Originally Kayate, meaning Gaya's = Kaya's) Hand, changed into Karate, now meaning Empty Hand). 

b. koryo period 
The ancient Taekwondo, being acknowledged as a martial art, developed to Subakheui ('Hand Striking Skills'), becomes one of the indispensable skills for warriors. Subak developed to Obyeong ('Five Soldiers') Subakheui as a type of group competition. Taekwondo started to develop as a game or a sport. (as a Subak Game) A professional model for Subakheui completed. Subag popularized among citizens. 

5. Chosun period

Subakheui chosen by Byeongjo (the Department of National Defense) as part of a national exam to select soldiers. Relative importance of Taekwondo as a national defense martial art decreased with the development of weapons like gunpowder and Jochong ('bird-guns'). Military systems reconsolidated and general martial arts systematized after the Imjin war (Japanese invasion in the year of Imjin). Subakheui incorporated into the martial art system for national defence. (Department of Military Training in Seoul, and Sogogun in other areas) The section of the martial arts open in the Gwageo (National Exam for Selecting Government Officials), encouraging the training of martial arts. The martial art text book Muye Dobotongji published. Taekwondo secretly handed down to people under oppression Japanese colonial rule. 

6. Korea


Various names of ancient Taekwondo unified into Taekwondo'.(1965)


Korea Taekwondo Association joined Korea Athletic Society as a member organization. (1962)


Taekwondo designated as a national sport. (1971)


Kukkiwon ("National Skills Institute") founded. (1972)


The World Taekwondo Federation (W. T. F.) founded. (1973)


The 1st World Taekwondo Championship Games held. (1973)


The World Taekwondo Federation became an acknowledged organization by I.O.C. (1979)