Songsanri Tomuli Park


   (Historical Relics No. 13)

 These tombs located on the south slope of Songsan Mountain, which surrounds Gongju, the old capital of the Baekje Kingdom, are said to be of kings who reigned over Baekje between 475 and 538. After the transfer of the capital from Hansong(the present Seoul) to Ungjin(the present Gongju)during the reign of Munju-wang(r. 475-477), Kings Samgun-wang(r. 477-479), Tongsong-wang(r. 479-501), and Muryong-wang(501-523) used Ungjin as their capital for 63 years. Song-wang(r. 523-554) then transferred the capital to Sabi (the present Puyo). These tombs seem to have been located here in keeping with the principles of geomancy. The site is protected by Kongsansong Fortress on the east, the Kumgang River on the west, and Kyeryongsan Mountain on the south. The tomb structures are of two types:stone chamber tombs and brick chamber tombs. There are seven tombs in all. Four tombs located in the back row and one in the front row (Tomb No. 5) are included in the stone chamber category. The other two tombs in the front row (the tomb of Muryong-wang and Tomb No. 6) are in the brick chamber category. The tomb of Muryong-wang was discovered accidentally in 1971 and made an epochal contribution to the study of Baeckje culture.