this area has more than 20 large and small tombs from
the Shilla period, it has been made into a park called
Tombs Park. These tombs are presumed to be those of
kings and court officials.
The dimensions of the tombs vary; some are as small
as 10 m in diameter while others are as large as 120
m; the heights range from less than 1 m to 23 m. Most
of them are earthen and mound-shaped. Some are double-gourd-shaped
for the joint burial of a husband and wife. As those
excavated were all found to be stone-piled wood-lined
chamber type, most of the tombs here are presumed to
be of the same type.
One of the tombs is thought be that of King Michu (r.
262 - 284), the 13th king of Shilla. A 7th-generation
descendant of Kim Alchi, Michu was the first Shilla
king to come from the clan Kim founded. During his 22-year
reign the king led Shilla to become a powerful country,
and defended it from an invasion by the neighboring
Baekje Kingdom. Tradition has it that after his death,
when the country was under attack, troops of soldiers
with bamboo leaves in their ears appeared out of his
tomb to repel the foreign invaders. The tomb is thus
called Chukyonnung or Bamboo Soldier Tomb.
During the excavations of Cheonmachong Tomb, or
the Heavenly Horse Tomb, and Tomb #89, a double-gourd-shaped
tomb, numerous artifacts including a gold crown, gold
girdles, gold and silver personal ornaments, horse fittings,
and weapons were uncovered, all of which attest to the
advanced culture of Shilla. Cheonmachong Tomb was made
into a museum to reveal how it was excavated with imitations
of the uncovered artifacts placed in the positions in
which they were found. Tomb #89 was restored to its
During the making of Tombs Park, a number of ancient
tombs buried underground were investigated. These included
not only stone-piled wood-lined chamber but also jar-coffin
tombs, stone-lined chamber tombs, and tunnel-type tombs
which reveal the various burial methods of Shilla.